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Refugees, Freedmen...

"So...
be your name Buxbaum or Bixby or Bray
or Mordecai Ali Van Allen O'Shea,
you're off to Great Places!
Today is your day!
Your mountain is waiting.
So...get on your way!"


—Dr. Seuss (Oh, the Places You'll Go!)
***

Years ago, members of the Alabama Study Group, from my local genealogy society, put me in touch with the Great Lakes regional office of the National Archives Records Administration (NARA), in Chicago. Days later, I called the Washington, D.C., office and ordered three Descriptive Pamphlets concerning microfilmed records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands (BRFAL) in Mississippi:

  • M826 (50 microfilm rolls), Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Mississippi Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865 1869
  • M1907 (65 microfilm rolls), Records of the Field Offices For the State of Mississippi Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1972
  • M1914 (5 microfilm rolls), Records of the Mississippi Freedmen’s Department (“Pre-Bureau Records”), Office of the Assistant Commissioner, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1863–1865
*The following Starkville cases comes from M1907 (roll 43)*

  Record of Cases Tried before Agent Bureau RF&AL Sub Dist of Starkville
# Names of Parties Cause of Action
1 Benj. Ware D[e]f[endan]t illegally retains 
  vs. possession of property of Complainant
     
  J.L. Graves Costs Sh[eri]ff Sullivan $2.00
 Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
2 Bob Bray Compl[ain]t under Genl Order No 31
  vs. continues indefinitely
   
  C.W. Jordan Shffs Costs $2.00 to ? C Sullivan
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
3d. Esther Perkins Compl[ain]t under Genl Order 31 P.1st
  vs.  
  Costs Shff Sullivan $2.00
  Jas. L. Graves  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
4 Harriet Sanders Complt of unlawful ap
  vs. prenticeship of children
   
  G.W. Walker &  
  Josephus Walker  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
5 Lucy [sic] Dispute about a trade
  vs involving a sow and a 
  coat
  Cambric Gillespie  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
6 David Rogers  Complt under Gen Order No 31. P3
  vs  
    Costs $2.00 Shff Sullivan
  Wm McKell  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
7 Marinda Baley Complt under Genl Order 31 P3
  vs  
   
  W.S. Chiles  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
8 Lucy Aiken Genl Order 31 P1
  vs  
     
  Thos Gillespie &  
  R.C. McCreight  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  *transcriber's note: this case may be related to Case #5
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
9 Venus Williams Genl Order 31 P 1 or 3d
  vs  
     
  Saml Angus  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
10 Margaret Rogers & Under Genl Order No 31 P3
  Patsy Bardwell  
  vs. Costs $2.00 to Shff Sullivan
     
  S.L. Nason  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
11 Frank Montgomery Et al Under Genl Order 31 P3d
  vs  
  $2.00 Costs to Shff Robinson
  Wm Bell Entered against Complainants
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
12 Sallie Valentine Genl Ord No 31 P1st
  vs  
    $2.00 Costs to Shff Robinson
  S.S. Lipton  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
13 Linda Pearson Habitual cruel treatment. Com-
  vs pelling Compl[lainan]t to leave con
    sider provisions of Genl Order
  H.J. Pearson No 31 No1
   
    $2.00 Costs to Shff Sullivan
    Oct 26 1867 an acct of 6.80 pre-
    sented by H.J. Pearson & allowed as a... 
    said notee bal 53.20 paid over this day
                     her
    Malinda X Pearson
                    mark
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
14 Z Smith witnesses Murder of freedman, Coleman, 
  The State Deft was arraigned before
  vs M.E. Owens, J.P. 2 and discharged.
     
  James P. Curry  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
15 George Henderson Et al Complt that Deft wants them to
  vs give draft …crop to pay
    small debts and they object.
  N. Sansing He refuses to let them give him
    cotton…they will give the draft
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of PartiesCause of Action
16 Henry Mooty Genl Order No 31 P1st violated
  vs  
    No costs
  J. Conuga  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
17 Squire Wines Complt of injustice in the
  vs division of the crop
     
  Henry Bell No costs
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
18 Caeser Bell Et al Genl Order No 31 P3 violated
  vs  
     
  Wm. Roche  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
19 Saml Farmer & Genl Order No 31 P 1 violated
  Malissa Farmer  
  vs No costs
     
  Hicks Reives  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
20 Mac, alias for Nurridy Lamb Unfair division of the crop
  vs  
    No costs
  E.E. Bennett  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
21 Hanah [sic]  Genl Order No 31 P 1st violated
  vs also refused to give up the 
    property of Complt
  Barney Lee  
  No costs
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
22 Perry High Fraud in divison of crop
  vs   
    No costs
  Dr. S. Cooper  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
23 Ceasar Bell Et al Genl Order 31 P3d violated
  vs  
    Costs $11.00 to be col by Shff Sullivan
  Wm Roche  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
24 Isaac [sic] Et al  Genl Order No 31, P 1 violated
  vs  
     
  Wm Roche  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
25 Frank Gregory Violation of Genl Order No 31 P 3d
     
  vs Costs $2.00 to Shff Sullivan
     
  J.Y. Miles  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
26 Peter Keyes Et al Costs $2.00 taxed to Deft
  vs  
     
  Martin Sandifer  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
27 Sallie Miller Violation Genl Order 31 P 1st
  vs  
     
  C.R. Jordan, Executor, Mrs. Smith  
  viz contracting party, (originally)  
  John McDowell (lately)  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
28 Ceasar Sheppard Genl Order No 31 P 3d
  vs  
     
  Gideon Culpepper  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
29 Same Complt Genl Order 31 P 1st
  vs  
     
  Same Deft  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
30 Milly Sandifer Genl Order 31 P 1st
  vs  
     
  John Parham  
  Disposition and remarks
     
     
  Names of Parties Cause of Action
31 Charles Kinnard Genl Order No 31 P 1
  vs  
     
  J.C. Halbert  
 Disposition and remarks
     
     


Disposition & Remarks to come...

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